Sunday, August 5, 2012
Mack Charles Parker of Poplarville, Mississippi was jailed for allegedly raping a white woman. A white mob abducted Mr. Parker from his jail cell, beat him, took him to Louisiana and then shot him. Although Parker's abductors were well known and some admitted to their participation in the murder, the judge in the case, Sebe Dale – a white supremacist and member of the White Citizens' Council – encouraged the grand jury to return no indictments against the killers.
Lula Mae Anderson, Eli Jackson and Dennis Jones were found dead in a car in December 1963 near Woodville, Mississippi.
On November 13, 1969, a 19-year-old Black Panther named Spurgeon Winter was killed in a gun battle with police where 9 police officers were shot and Black Panthers were subsequently arrested after the shootout in Chicago, Illinois.
Fred Hampton, a deputy chairman of the Illinois chapter of the Black Panther Party (BPP, was killed in his apartment during a raid by a tactical unit of the Cook County, Illinois State’s Attorney’s Office (SAO), in conjunction with the Chicago Police Department (CPD) and the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) on December 4, 1969. Mark Clark, who was on security duty, was killed instantly while sitting in the front room of the apartment. Prior to their murders by police, Arthur Glen Morris and Anthony Coltrale, were murdered by police.
Leon 4X Ameer, a top leader in Malcolm X's Organization of African Unity, died under suspicious circumstances after informing the FBI and others that his life was in danger and that he knew who killed Malcolm X. He was quoted as saying, "I have facts in my possession as to who really killed Malcolm X." Referring to the Chicago headquarters of the Nation of Islam, he declared, "The killers aren't from Chicago, they're from Washington." He had met with FBI days earlier and despite being in good health and a martial arts expert he was found dead at the age of 32.The coroner changed his autopsy report multiple times afterwards.
Louis Lomax died under mysterious circumstances when his brakes in his car failed in Santa Rosa, New Mexico on July 30, 1970. He was the first recognized African-American television journalist, and was also a book author who had been awarded a lucrative contract by FOX to make a film on slain Civil Rights leader Malcolm X. The FBI under the direction of J. Edgar Hoover had a 141 page file on Lomax.
Elmer Otis Kimball (also reported as Elmer Kimbell), who was a friend of one of Emmett Till's murderers J.W. Milam, murdered Clinton Melton and then nineteen days later Melton’s young wife was killed only a week before Kimball’s murder trial opened, after she had been trying to get justice for her husband's homicide in Glendora, Mississippi. Mrs. Melton was driven off the road and into a bayou, where she drowned a week before the trial. Her children who were in the car survived. (Mrs. Melton is pictured above with her children and assassinated Civil Rights leader Medgar Evers is seated on the right in the picture.)
George W. Lee was a minister, vice president of the Regional Council of Negro Leadership, and head of the Belzoni, Mississippi branch of the NAACP. Known for his integrity and strength despite the oppressive state of affairs in Mississippi at the time he registered many African-Americans to vote and spoke boldly against the racism that prevailed at the time despite many threats to his life. He was assassinated in 1955 while driving his car.
Lamar Smith, a farmer and World War I veteran, was active in registering African-Americans to vote when he was shot to death in broad daylight at close range on the lawn of the Lincoln County courthouse in Brookhaven, Mississippi. Despite many witnesses, including the local sheriff, who saw a white man covered with blood leaving the scene. No witnesses would come forward and the three men who had been arrested went free.
Ronald Stokes was a Los Angeles, California resident who had worked hard for a drycleaning business, supporting his family and many others in the community when he was wrongfully accosted by police officers who mistakened him for a criminal. He had never been arrested and was known for his strong work ethic. By the time the exchange between him and police occurred he lay dead, after being beaten while he was in handcuffs and a delay in the ambulance arriving 45 minutes later.
George Junius Stinney of Alcolu, South Carolina was a fourteen-year-old who was wrongfully convicted of murdering two girls after he was coerced into confessing the crime according to police. He was executed in Columbia, South Carolina and is listed as the youngest person to have ever been executed....which doesn't include lynchings.